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Barnett, Herbert Phillip
Barraud, William and Henry
Benton, Thomas Hart
Boulanger, Graciela Rodo
Boulton, Joseph M. Lorkowski
Bricher, Alfred Thompson
Burchfield, Charles Ephraim
Burr, Lee Reynolds
Herbert Phillip Barnett
American Cubist artist
Herbert Barnett was born in Providence RI. He started painting at the age of 14. He went on to study at the Boston Museum School of Fine Art and traveled to Europe to study the Old Masters. Upon his return to the United States, he started teaching art and went on as an instructor in painting to many Universities in the East. In 1951, Barnett was appointed Dean of the Cincinnati Art Academy. His works are owned by numerous museums including Cincinnati Art Museum and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.
William & Henry Barraud
English portrait and animal painters and illustrators
William Barraud was born in 1810. He specialized in painting horses and dogs and exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1829-1850, at the British Institute from 1828-1849, and at the Society of British Artists. His younger brother Henry was born a year later in 1811. He specialized in portraits but also depicted animals. Henry exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1833-1859, and at the British Institute and Society of British Artists from 1831-1868. William and Henry shared a studio from 1835 until William’s death in 1850. In their joint pictures, William painted the animals and Henry painted the figures. They produced a book together titled, “Sketches of Figures and Animals,” that was published in 1850 by H. Graves and Co.
French realist landscape painter
In 1964 Michele Battut entered the National School of the Beaux-Arts of Paris, from which she received her diploma in 1969. For the next two years, she studied in Madrid at the prestigious Casa Velasquez. She has exhibited internationally, received numerous awards, and is represented in major collections. Since 2003, she has been the official painter of the French Navy.
Ludwig Bemelmans was born in Meran, Austria in 1898. He came to the United States when he was sixteen and worked at the Ritz-Carlton, working his way from busboy to banquet manager. All the while he would draw and sketch from the busy hotel life around him. Bemelmans wanted to be a cartoonist, and was approached by Viking Press to create children’s books. In 1934, he married a woman named Madeleine Freund, and in 1936 he wrote The Golden Basket, in which his most famous character, Madeline made her first appearance. In addition to his famous children’s books, he turned out hundreds of magazine articles, anthologies, novels, and countless ads. Bemelmans died in 1962.
Thomas Hart Benton
American artist and lithographer active in Missouri and Massachusetts
Thomas Hart Benton is known for regional easel and mural painting, illustration, and graphics. In 1907, he studied with Frederick Oswald at the Art Institute of Chicago, followed by three years in Paris at the Academie Julian and the Academie Collarossi. In 1911, he moved back to the United States and resided in New York City. In 1935, he established a studio in Kansas City, where he remained until his death in 1975. He addressed subject matter that was uniquely American and specific to his state of Missouri. Benton’s style combined modernism and realism, and often depicted laboring figures.
Slovak abstract painter
Janez Bernik was born in 1933 in Gunclje. He studied at the Ljubljana Academy from 1951-55, followed by two years of studying painting with M. Sedej and graphic with B. Jakac. Bernik made textural abstract paintings on the theme of the unspoiled texture of the earth, as well as paintings and engravings with mysterious indecipherable inscriptions reminiscent of ancient documents. Around 1968 he began working in a figurative style with isolated symbolic images, but returned to his more abstract style in 1975. Bernik became a professor at the Ljubljana Academy in 1969.
American landscape printmaker
Robert Bero was an American artist and printmaker who won critical acclaim for his detailed depictions of trees and landscapes. Although he is best known for his etchings and woodcuts, Bero also worked in pen and ink, crayon, pastel, pencil, watercolor, and collage. He earned his BFA from the Pratt Institute and his MFA in painting and printmaking from Yale University. Bero served on the faculties of the State Universities of New York at Potsdam and Purchase, Ramapo College of New Jersey, and Brown University in Rhode Island. A long-time resident of Tuxedo Park, NY, the town put up an exhibition of his work at the newly restored train station in 2009.
French affiliated painter
Hippolyte-Dominique Berteaux was a French painter born in 1843. He painted genre scenes and portraits in the French academic style popularized by Jean Leon Gerome and William-Adolfe Bouguereau. He died in 1928.
Tony Bevan was born in Yorkshire and studied at the Bradford School of Art from 1968-1971. He then attended Goldsmiths’ College in London from 1971-1974, and the Slade School of Fine Art from 1974-1976. Bevan came to prominence as an artist in the 1980s, taking part in the ICA show at the Serpentine Gallery in London from 1982-83. This was followed by exhibitions mainly in the United States and Germany. In 2006, he was invited to explore the printmaking technique of monoprints at the Scuola de Grafica in Venice, resulting in over 80 images which were then shown at Marlborough Fine Art in London. Bevan has a continued interest in printmaking to this day. He was elected to the Royal Academy of Arts in London as an Academician in 2007. His works are included in many major art collections around the world.
Bevan’s subject matter focuses mostly on the human figure. He uses a distressed linear style, which is graphic and crude, producing psychologically charged images of people on the edge of society.
German born American Romantic landscape painter
Likely the most famous and financially successful late 19th-century painter of the American western landscape, Albert Bierstadt created grandiose, dramatic scenes of the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada mountains that lured many people to visit those sites. He was also one of the first artists to use a camera to record landscape views.
His oil paintings, many of them huge, were the ultimate expression of the popular 19th-century Romanticism. But his reputation diminished when public taste in art changed dramatically and replaced Realism and Romanticism with Impressionism and when the transcontinental railway travel revealed that the West looked nothing like his idealized paintings.
Albert Bierstadt died in New York City in 1902. Although his reputation during the 1890s suffered slightly from the attraction for French art, his impact upon the American landscape tradition of the nineteenth century remains strong. His large-scale, panoramic landscapes, with their dramatic, almost sublime, light effects, coupled with the meticulous rendering of details, reflect the influences of both the contemporary landscape school of Düsseldorf as well as the native Hudson River School aesthetic. His works can be found in major public and private collections throughout North America and Europe, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Wadsworth Atheneum, and the National Gallery of Canada.
He was born in the village of Racacun in Romania. He was taken by the Romanian Iron Guard in 1938 before the German invasion and was forced to work from 1940-1944 during the Holocaust. Many times painting saved his life. He struggles for many years escaping and working hard labor until in 1951 he moves to Jerusalem and fulfills his dream by taking evening painting courses in “Betzalel.” For the next five years he worked as a youth guide in various neighborhoods of Jerusalem, while continuing to take classes in “Betzalel,” from which he graduated in 1956. For the next 40 years he restored mosaics and frescos all around Isreal. In 2007, the Holocaust Museum in Washington commissioned a painting from him for their permanent display. From 1959-Present he has participated in both Solo and Group Exhibitions around the world.
20th Century American landscape artist
Lynn Boggess was born in West Virginia and is an artist known for his large-scale paintings of land and water. He paints from nature, finding a spot that moves him, and sets up his easel. Because his paintings are so large, he often camps on the site for several days until the work is completed.
French naïve painter
Camille Bombois was born in Vernarey-les-Laumes, Cotes d’Or in France in 1883. His childhood was spent iving on a barge and attending a local school until the age of twelve when he became a farm worker. Bombois became a champion local wrestler before joining a travelling circus as a strongman. Bombois served in the French Army from 1914 to 1918, and he worked as a circus strong man, a night watchman, a builder, and a newspaper typesetter in paris until 1924. When he returned home from the war, he was encouraged by the fact that his wife had been able to sell a number of his paintings and so he continued to paint by day and work at night. It wasn’t until 1925 that he began to paint full time until his death in 1970. The art dealer Wilhelm Uhde first saw Bombois’ work in 1924, and exhibited some of his paintings at the Galeries des Quatre Chemins in 1927. In 1937, his works were shown in the exhibition “Maîtres Populaires de la Réalité” in Paris, and he had his first solo show in 1944 a the Galerie Pétridès. Bombois is well-known amond naïve artists for the vitality of his work. Critics compared him to Henri Rousseau, resembling his naïve drawing, crisp delineation of form, and attention to detail, although he was less of a fantasist than Rousseau. His favorite themes were taken from the circus and the fairground, with a decorative quality that added a special charm.
Juan Bonafe was born May 21, 1901 in Lima, Peru.
His father was a Murcian actor, and the family moved to Madrid when
Juan was seven. In 1917, he enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts of San
Fernando. From his 20s onward, Bonafe associated with writers of the
Generation of ’27, as well as Murcia regional artists. In 1927, he participated
in the 1st Surrealist Exhibition held in Madrid. In 1934, he was included in
a collective exhibition in Berlin and Copenhagen with the Society of Iberian
Artists. In the late 1930s, Bonafe was appointed President of the National
Trade Union Association of Fine Arts. After the Civil War, he was forced
into exile in France, but continued with his work. In 1948, he returned to
Spain and settled into his grandfather’s house in La Alberca. Bonafe died
in Palmas in 1969.
French painter and printmaker
Pierre Bonnard was born in Fontenay-aux-Roses, Hauts-de-Seine on October 3, 1867. The son of a prominent official of the French Ministry of War, Bonnard studied law and briefly practiced as a barrister. However, he had also attended art classes on the side, and soon decided to become an artist. In 1891, he met Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and began showing his work at the annual exhibition of the Societe des Artistes Independants. In his 20s he was a part of Les Nabis, a group of young artists committed to creating work of symbolic and spiritual nature.
French painter of female nudes
Alain Bonnefoit was born in 1937 in Paris. He studied at the School of Applied Arts and Beaux Arts in Paris, as well as in Brussels. His first exhibition was in 1953 in France. Bonnefoit paints in an Impressionist style, preferably in watercolor, and depicting nudes.
20th Century American landscape and animal portrait artist
Bee Booth was born in New Jersey and raised in New Hampshire. She studied art and photography at Skidmore College, NY and Ohio University. Her career spanned 50 years of photography and artwork in the US, Europe and Africa. She is currently represented by Framing Fox Art Gallery, New Bern, NC.
Born in 1905 in Codroipo, Italy, Louis Bosa became a genre, figure, and landscape painter who exhibited widely, and was also a much-respected art teacher. For art historians, his work has been difficult to categorize, which has led to him getting less attention than many of his contemporaries, especially those who had sophisticated public-relations machines. He kept to his own unique style of apolitical, witty character studies and subjects of humor and human pathos.
When he was fifteen years old, he enrolled in Venice at the Academia delle Belle Arti, and between 1923 and 1924, emigrated to Hamilton, Canada where a brother had preceded him and was working in a steel mill. However, not wanting to become a steel worker as his family was urging him to do, Louis Bosa moved to Buffalo, New York to join an aunt and uncle, and shortly after moved to New York City to pursue art studies.
From 1944 to 1946, he was an instructor at the Art Students League in New York City and from 1943 to 1946, he taught at the Cape Ann School at Rockport, Massachusetts. In 1960, he was an Instructor of Advanced Painting at Cleveland Institute of Art 1959. Louis Bosa died in Doylestown, Pennsylvania on October 19, 1981 at age 76.
Graciela Rodo Boulanger
Bolivia and France affiliate sculptor and printmaster
Born in La Paz, Bolivia, in 1935, Rodo Boulanger creates joyful scenes that depict the pleasure of childhood in a childlike way. Her simplistic, graceful lines and lyrical colors, make her compositions as rhythmic, rigorous and spontaneous as the round-faced children she paints.
Raised in an artistic environment, Rodo Boulanger studied both piano and art as a child. At 22, she decided she must choose one or the other and began to devote all her attention to her art. Four years later, her pursuit of her art took her to Paris, where she still resides. In 1966, Rodo Boulanger's creative efforts began to be recognized with the publication of her first edition of engravings and her first exhibit in the United States.
Since then her work has been shown in more than 150 exhibitions on five continents. In 1979, she was designated by UNICEF as official artist for the International Year of the Child poster and two of her tapestries were presented in the public hall of the U.N. General Assembly that year.
Rodo Boulanger also has been recognized by The Museum of Modern Art of
Latin America in Washington, DC; the Metropolitan Opera of New York; the World Federation of the United Nations Associations; The Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris; the Museum of Modern Art, LaPaz; and the Modern Art Center, Zurich.
Joseph M. Lorkowski Boulton
American animal sculptor
Joseph M. Lorkowski Boulton was raised in Fort Worth, Texas. His father was a carpenter, and Joseph became interested in modeling and building from working with him. In 1915, he went to New York as a student at the National Academy of Design. He served in France in the Marine Corps during World War I and then returned to his studies at the Art Students League in New York. Boulton was a sculptor, painter, teacher, and taxidermist and was especially known for his depictions of animals and his studies of Native Americans. In 1966, he moved to Westport, Connecticut, where he died in 1981.
French Impressionist landscape and marine painter
Jacques Bouyssou was born in 1926 near Honfleur, France. He became acquainted at an early age with many respected artists who exhibited in his father’s gallery, such as Friez, Dufy, Lagar, and Leprin, and who were frequent guests in his family home. They became his mentors and teachers. Although Bouyssou studied architecture at the Beaux Arts de Troyes and drawing with the sculptor Janin, it was not until he moved to Paris and studied at the Academy de la Grand Chaumiere in the studio of Other Friez that he began to paint. Recognition of his talent came rapidly and in 1955 he had his first one man show in London. A year later, the great dame of Parisian art dealers, Katia Granoff, invited him to exhibit, beginning a long relationship, during which she sponsored many solo shows. In 1987, he was named an official painter of the Navy. Bouyssou’s works are included in numerous museums, as well as private collectors, around the world.
French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor
Georges Braque was born on May 13, 1882 in Argenteuil, Val-d’Oise. He grew up in Le Havre and trained to be a house painter and decorator like his father and grandfather. He also studied artistic painting during evenings at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts from 1897-1899. Braque’s earliest works were impressionistic, but after seeing the work exhibited by the Fauves in 1905, he adopted a Fauvist style. This group used brilliant colors to represent emotional response. Braque worked with Raoul Dufy to develop a more subdued Fauvist style.
Braque’s paintings from 1908-1913 reflect his interest in geometry and simultaneous perspective. Beginning in 1909, he began to work closely with Pablo Picasso who had been developing a similar Cubist style. The two artists worked closely together until the beginning of World War I in 1914, when Braque enlisted with the French Army. He suffered a severe head injury in battle and resumed painting in late 1916. These later works show a more personal style characterized by brilliant color, textured surfaces, and the reappearance of the human figure. He died on August 31, 1963 in Paris.
American wildlife illustrator
In his lifetime, Brasher produced 875 watercolors depicting 1,200 species of North American birds. Born in New York in 1869, he began painting seriously in his teens. He produced a book containing his illustrations titled, “ Birds and Trees of North America” in a limited edition of 100 sets of twelve volumes, which included almost 90,000 hand colored reproductions. The state of Connecticut purchased the Brasher Collection in 1941 and has preserved it at the University of Connecticut’s Thomas Dodd Research Center. Brasher died in 1960.
Alfred Thompson Bricher
American landscape and marine painter
Alfred Thompson Bricher is best known for Luminist views of deserted shorelines edged with dramatic rocky outcroppings and views of the tranquil seas, where sailboats glide on still waters. He was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, the son of English immigrants, and his youth was spent in Newburyport, Massachusetts. In 1851, he became a clerk in a store in Boston, and he may have studied art there at the Lowell Institute. During his early years in Boston, he became familiar with the art of the Hudson River School and was specifically inspired by the work of the Luminists, John Kensett, Martin Johnson Heade, Sanford Gifford, and Fitz Hugh Lane. By 1859, Bricher had established a studio in Boston, where he displayed sketches of open-air works. In the 1860s, Bricher was creating marine subjects, working at Mt. Desert Island in Maine and in Northampton, Massachusetts. He found other subjects in locales in New England and New York state. He also began to use watercolor during the ‘60s, a medium in which he created many of his finest works. By the middle of the decade, he had become employed by the Louis Prang publishing house, which claimed to have invented the chromolithograph. Eventually twenty-three of Bricher’s paintings were created as chromolithographs by the firm. In 1868, Bricher married and moved from Boston to New York, setting up his studio at 40 West 30th Street. During the next decade, he was influenced by the emergence of a younger generation of artists who were dedicated to experimenting with new techniques and developing personal styles. Affected by the art of his time, Bricher began to work in a more spontaneous and painterly manner, but he remained dedicated to capturing quiet, light-filled scenes of coastal areas and often rendered forms with a precision that reflected his continued adherence to Luminism. During the 1870s, Bricher became active in many important art associations, in particular, the American Watercolor Society. He also became affiliated with Swedenborgianism, a religion to which William Page and George Inness also subscribed. Affected in his art by the ideas of Swedenborg, Bricher created works that had a symbolic component in which forms were bathed in soft misty glows. Between 1878 and 1884, Bricher included figures in his landscapes, mostly women shown in leisure activities. These images have similarities to some contemporaneous works by Winslow Homer. In the 1880s, Bricher adopted a more tonal approach. His colors had always been predominantly pale blues and greens with touches of intense yellow; all harmoniously blended to convey the sensations of bright, sunny days. Now he concentrated on recording atmospheric conditions, which he conveyed by emphasizing a single, dominant color. Following his second marriage in 1881, Bricher spent summers in Southampton, Long Island, where he created a number of views of the expansive coastline and the village. However, throughout his career, Bricher traveled extensively, visiting the coasts of Maine, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, and Canada. Bricher’s work is represented in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, The Indianapolis Museum of Art, the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, the Dallas Art Museum, as well as many other public and private collections.
French painter of Paris street scenes
Marcel/Maurice Brisson was born in 1915 in Lyon, France. He studied in London and Paris under scholarship for his talents in painting. Brisson was very popular during his lifetime for his Paris street scenes and has been successfully shown in Salons and Galleries around the world.
New York and Quebec affiliated portrait painter
Known for her oil portraits, landscapes, genre, and flower paintings, Maria Brooks studied at the South Kensington and Royal Academy Schools in London. She opened a studio in the Windsor Hotel, Montreal, in 1881, and was known to be working in Quebec City in 1886. Sometime after this, she left Canada for the United States, painting in New York in 1889 and 1900.
She was a member of the American Watercolour Society and the Society of British
Artists. Societies with which Brooks exhibited include the Royal Academy (1869-90),
the Art Association of Montreal (1883-92), the Royal Canadian Academy (1885-86),
the Ontario Society of Artists (1885) and the Brooklyn Art Association (1891-92).
Her works were also shown at exhibitions in Charlotte, N.C., and Syracuse, N.Y.
(1898), both of which garnered her a medal.
Born in 1970 in New York City, Derek Buckner grew up painting in the studio of his father. Derek went on to continue his education at Vassar College and later received his BFA at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago where he studied painting with Susanna Coffey and Dan Gustin. It was in Chicago that he developed a passion for perceptual painting. Attracted to the landscape of Mexico’s West coast peninsula, Derek later moved from Chicago to Baja, where he immersed himself in painting his surroundings amidst the rare and dramatic light of where the desert and Pacific Ocean converge. Three years later Derek returned to New York where he met his wife, the novelist Joanna Hershon. It was back in Brooklyn where he returned to painting the urban landscape, and it is the east end of Long Island where he continues his ongoing relationship with painting the land and sea. He currently divides his time between Mexico and New York.
Filipino Impressionist landscape and figure painter
Cesar Buenaventura was born in 1922 in Tondo. His father was a distinguished professor at the University of the Philippines, and his brother had studied art formally, however Cesar did not study art in school. His father did not want his two sons competing in the same field. It was not until his father retired that Cesar finally received formal instruction from his father, and he ended up surpassing both his father and brother in skill and fame. He later settled in the artists colony on Mabini, and his works became the most popular during the 1940s, 50s, and 60s. Buenaventura’s paintings were known as unofficial “Ambassadors of Goodwill” for the country in the visual arts. Hundreds of living rooms abroad displayed his works which were collected by Peace Corps volunteers, American Embassy employees, US servicemen and their wives, tourists, and Hollywood actors, including Frank Sinatra, Bob Hope, and George Montgomery.
Charles Ephraim Burchfield
American New York affiliated Regionalist painter
Born in Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, Charles Burchfield became known as a town-landscape painter of middle-western America, and his paintings have had much influence on succeeding generations of artists. He has also been described as a social critic, naturalist, and transcendental visionary whose sensitivities infuse his artwork. In addition to his painting, Burchfield was a teacher at the Art Institute of Buffalo from 1949 to 1952 and at the University of Buffalo from 1950 to 1952.
Burchfield’s career can be divided into three phases. The first is landscapes based on childhood memories and fantasies and ended about 1918; the second from 1918 to 1943, is Social Realism including “grimy streets and rundown buildings of the eastern Ohio area”, and the third phase is a return to subject matter of his childhood and the “investing them with a kind of ecstatic poetry.” (Biagell 54)
Throughout his career, watercolor was his preferred medium, and knowledge of Oriental art influenced him to use simple forms
The largest single collection of his work is at the Burchfield-Penney Art Center in Buffalo, New York and includes his watercolors, prints, oil paintings, and preliminary sketches for both paintings and wallpaper designs. In 1997, a major retrospective of his work was held at the National Museum of American Art in Washington DC and was organized by the Columbus Ohio Museum of Art.
Lee Reynolds Burr
20th Century Modernist painter
Born in Los Angeles, Lee Reynolds Burr received a BFA from the University of Southern California. He has served as Chairman, Board of Directors of East Park Gallery in Los Angeles and was the director for Vanguard Studios in Beverly Hills, California in the late sixties.
The paintings signed ‘Lee Reynolds’ indicate a trade name. It was attached to numerous artworks and designs produced at Vanguard Studios. Vanguard Studios was a large distributor of comerical paintings in the late 1960’s. Lee Reynolds Burr guided product development of the paintings that were painted in the studio by staff artists that were employed at Vanguard Studios. However, these paintings were never painted by the hand of Lee Reynolds Burr.