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Artist Biographies

Alphabetical A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

T

Tamayo, Rufino
Tarkay, Itzchak
Thomson, William
Timmermans, Louis Étienne
de Tirtoff, Romain (Erte)
Toney, Anthony
Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri Marie Raymond
Tremblay, Jacques

Rufino Tamayo

Rufino Tamayo
1899-1991
Mexican landscape, still life, and figure painter

Rufino Tamayo was born in Oaxaca, Mexico in 1899. He began painting at the age of eleven, and a year later became orphaned, moving to Mexico City to live with his aunt. In 1917, he entered the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts, but left soon after to pursue independent study. Four years later, he was appointed the head designer of the department of ethnographic drawings at the National Museum of Archaeology in Mexico City. This has impacted his work, as Tamayo integrated the forms and tones of pre-Columbian ceramics into his still lives and portraits. Due to his forward thinking position on art, he decided to leave Mexico in 1926 and move to New York. His first exhibition in the US was held at the Weyhe Gallery in New York. Throughout the late thirties and early forties, New York’s Valentine Gallery hosted many exhibitions of his works. Beginning in 1938, he taught at the Dalton School in New York for nine years. His fame was growing in Mexico and in 1948 his first major retrospective was held at the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City. The following year, he and his wife moved to Paris, where he received numerous awards. Tamayo was one of the first Mexican artists to be included in the Venice Biennale. He remained in Paris for 10 years, after which he returned permanently to Mexico. The Rufino Tamayo Museum of International Contemporary Art opened in Mexico in 1981. Tamayo painted his last painting in 1989, a self-portrait, and died in 1991 in Mexico City.

Itzchak Tarkay

Itzchak Tarkay
1935-2012

Itzchak Tarkay was born in 1935 in Subotica on the Yugoslav-Hungarian border. At the age of nine, Tarkay and his family were sent to the Mathausen Concentration Camp by the Nazis until Allied liberation freed them a year later. Tarkay’s family survived and returned home after the war, and Itzchak developed a keen interest in art. He won a prize for excellence in painting while still in school in Subotica. In 1949 Tarkay and his family immigrated to Israel and were sent to the transit camp for new arrivals at Be’er Ya’akov. In 1951 Tarkay received a scholarship to the Bezalel Art Academy where he studied for one year before he had to leave due to difficult financial circumstances at home. In order to continue his scholarship, Tarkay was allowed to study under the artist Schwartzman and was mentored by other important Israeli artists of the time such as Mokady, Janko, Streichman, and Stematsky, until his mobilization in the Israeli Army. After his service term ended, Tarkay returned to his familiar environment in Tel Aviv and enrolled in the Avni Institute of Art, which he completed in 1956. Tarkay’s roots as a painter take hold in the decisive years of modern art. The bright colors and flat patterns build on the paths forged by Matisse, Mouly, and the Fauves. The paintings go through an abstract transformation, the perspective dissolves into colors and shapes, the face of the female figure remains, and the world reconstructs around her; the quality of his line is organic. Itzchak Tarkay died on June 3, 2012 at the age of seventy-seven.

William Thomson

William Thomson
b. 1931
American artist active in Connecticut and Maine

William Thomson’s work includes landscapes, cityscapes, interior and figurative works, most often with the use of warm, rich, earthtones. Additionally, he works in a variety of mediums, including: acrylic, encaustic, egg tempera, oil, and watercolor. His works are included in numerous international museums and university collections, including the British Museum of American Art.

Louis Étienne Timmermans

Louis Étienne Timmermans
1846-1910
Belgian marine artist

Louis Étienne Timmermans was born in Brussels of French parents. He was a student at l’Academie de Bruxelles and l’Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He began exhibiting at the Salon in 1904. Timmermans was known for his landscapes and especially for his marine scenes around Brittany and Normandy as well as the Quais de la Seine.

Romain Erte de Tirtoff

Romain (Erte) de Tirtoff
1892-1990
Russian-born Art Deco designer and illustrator

Romain Erte was born Romain de Tirtoff in St. Petersburg, Russia. The only son of an admiral in the Imperial Fleet, he was raised amidst Russia’s social elite. As a young boy, he was fascinated by the Persian miniatures in his father’s library. When he was eighteen, he moved to Paris and took the name Erte from the French pronunciation of his initials “R.T.” In 1915, Erte began his relationship with Harper’s Bazaar, during which time he created over 240 covers for the magazine. He became one of the most recognized artists of the 1920s. The designs he created influenced the world of theatre, film, and fashion, as well as the visual art of the time, a movement now called Art Deco. At the age of 75, Erte was encouraged to recreate the designs of his youth in bronze and serigraphy. His original designs are in the permanent collections of many museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the Smithsonian Institute, and the Victoria and Albert Museum. He died in 1990.

Anthony Toney

Anthony Toney
1913-2004
American semi-abstract city scene and landscape artist

Anthony Toney was born to Syrian immigrants in Gloversville, New York on June 28, 1913. He earned his Bachelor’s Degree from Syracuse University in 1934, and studied in Paris from 1937-1938 at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and the Academie Grande Chaumiere. In 1952, he began teaching at the New School in New York City, and three years later, Toney earned his PhD in fine arts and education from the Columbia University Teachers College. In the 1930s, Toney painted murals for the Works Progress Administration. He served time in the U.S. Army during World War II. Just before the outbreak of the ware, he had his first solo exhibition at the Wakefield Gallery in New York in 1941. Toney’s paintings are included in the collections of the Whitney Museum, the National Academy of Design, Syracuse University, the Neuberger Museum of Art, and others. He died in California on September 10, 2004.

Henri Marie Raymond Toulouse-Lautrec

Henri Marie Raymond Toulouse-Lautrec
1864-1901
French Post-Impressionistic painter, printmaker, draftsman, illustrator

Henri Toulouse-Lautrec was born in France in 1864 at the Hotel du Bosc in Albi to an aristocratic family. From the age of eight, Henri drew sketches and caricatures in his exercise workbooks. He suffered from congenital health conditions and consulted with many doctors in hopes of finding the cause. Physically unable to participate in activities, he immersed himself in art. He became an important Post-Impressionist painter, art nouveau illustrator, and lithographer, and recorded in his works many details of the late-19th century bohemian lifestyle in Paris. During the mid-1890s, Toulouse-Lautrec contributed many illustrations to the magazine Le Rire. From 1889-1894, he took part in the “Independent Artists’ Salon” on a regular basis. When the Moulin Rouge cabaret opened, Henri was commissioned to produce a series of posters, which allowed him to support himself. He travelled to London where he produced many posters for various shows and advertisements. Due to his health ailments, Henri turned to drinking and in 1893 his alcoholism began to take its toll. In 1899, his mother and a few of his friends had him briefly institutionalized. He died from complications due to alcoholism at his family’s estate in Malrome at the young age of thirty-six on September 9, 1901. Throughout his short career, Toulouse-Lautrec created 737 canvases, 275 watercolors, 363 prints and posters, 5,084 drawings, some ceramic and stained glass work, and an unknown number of lost works. The influence of Manet and Degas is apparent in his works, but his style was also influenced by classical Japanese woodprints, which were popular among art circles in Paris. His skilled depiction of people relied on his painterly style, which is highly linear and gives great emphasis to contour.

Jacques Tremblay

Jacques Tremblay
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20th Century French Canadian primitive artist

A self-taught artist, Jacques Tremblay paints what he knows. He often depicts cityscapes and landscapes in Quebec, usually towns that he himself grew up in. His artistic influence came from Cezanne and Van Gogh, but most importantly, Quebec master Marc-Aurele Fortin. Tremblay paints on a black background, making the colors incredibly vibrant.

   
   

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